Sothoron and Related Families - a Genealogical Pursuit
Sources Page


A Note Regarding E-Mail Addresses.

Spammers are able to scan internet material and capture email addresses for their mailing lists.  The private email addresses below are encoded in such a way as to make that very difficult.  Unfortunately, it also means that you cannot just click on that address to send email.  To send email to one of these addresses, COPY the address (it appears in bold italic text) and PASTE it into your own email program.


Abell, A. S. Baltimore, Its History and Its People. Lewis Historical Publishing Company, New York (1912.) Three Volumes.

Alvey, Bob. Descendants of James and Sarah Burroughs Alvey, published on the internet at  His email address is  Last updated May 2003. Subscription internet genealogy site with multiple databases, including Federal Census and other primary image access.

Ashby, Bernice M. Shenandoah County, VA Marriage Bonds, 1772-1850. Virginia Book Company, Berryville, VA (1967).


Bagby, Audrey M. & deKeyser, Betty L. Cedar Hill Cemetery, Brooklyn Park, Maryland.. Volume II, Interment Records. Anne Arundel County Genealogical Society, Pasadena, MD (1999).

Baird, Nancy Chappelear. Fauquier County, Virginia Tombstone Inscriptions. Personal Publication (1970).

Baker, Anne Ascorsi. Birth Index of St. Mary’s, Charles & Calvert Counties, Maryland - 1896 through 1919. St. Mary’s County Historical Society (1997).


Baldwin, Jane. The Maryland Calendar of Wills. William J.C. Dulany Co., Publishers, Baltimore (1901).


Baltimore City Directory. Maintained on microfiche & microfilm at the Main Branch of the Enoch Pratt Free Library, Cathedral St. Baltimore, MD. Available issues searched from 1796 through 1940. NOTE: Street numbering was changed in 1887, and conversion tables are present in the 1887 edition.


Baltimore County Cemeteries. Four Volumes. Compiled by the Baltimore County (Maryland) Historical Society, 1985.


Baltz, Shirley V. & George E. Marriages and Deaths in Nineteenth Century Newspapers. Heritage Books, Inc., Bowie, MD (1995). Two volumes.


Barnes, Robert W. British Roots of Maryland Families. Genealogical Publishing Co., Baltimore. Two volumes: Vol. I (1999), Vol. II (2002).


Barnes, R. Maryland Marriages, 1634-1777. Genealogical Publishing Co., Baltimore (1976).


Barnes, R. Maryland Marriages, 1778-1800. Genealogical Publishing Co., Baltimore (1978).

Bass, Andy.  Researching Smoot & related genealogy; a direct descendant of John Henry Smoot of Georgetown.  His email address is


Bates, Marlene S. & Wright, F. Edward. Early Charles County, Maryland Settlers, 1658-1745. Family Line Publications, Westminster, MD (1995).


Bible of Peter Bartleson. Births copied when in the possession of Ida L. Bodine, a great-granddaughter of Peter & Ann. As of early 1940s the Bible was thought to possibly be in the possession of Ida’s cousin, Harriet (Mrs. James) of Doylestown, PA. This information per Mary E. Woodman.


Boardley, James Jr. The Hollyday and Related Families of the Eastern Shore of Maryland. Maryland Historical Society, Baltimore (1962).


Bowie, Effie Gwyn. Across the Years in Prince George's County. Garrett & Massie, Inc, Richmond, VA (1947).

Bostick, Wm. (Bill) D.  Sothoron descendant living in Oak Ridge, TN.  He has published the "Bostick-Cathey-Trahan-Choate Tree" on*, and has provided information through personal correspondence, citing Ms. Betty Brown Glazier of Columbia, TN and Hampshire Museum of Hampshire, TN (from materials donated by Dan & Ruth Shannon) as sources.  His e-mail address is

Bowie, Walter Worthington.  The Bowies and Their Kindred.  Polyanthos (1971).

Bridges, Betty Higgs.  The Higgs Family, Maryland to Missouri.  Privately published in 1978, copy in my possession.  Includes vital data from Higgs Family Bible.  As of December 2005 her email address (as Betty Higgs Lamberson) is


Broome, Thomas H III.  Descendant of William Clagett & Harriet Sothoron who has researched the Broome & related lines.  His email address is  His work is published on RootsWeb at and is fully sourced.

Brown, Jack D. et al. Charles County, Maryland, A History. Custombook, Inc., South Hackensack, NJ (1976).


Brown(1), Helen W. Prince George’s County Episcopal Church Register. Prince George’s County Historical Society (1979).

Brown(2), Helen W.  Index of Marriage Licenses, Prince George's County, Maryland 

Brugger, Robert. Maryland, A Middle Temperament, 1634-1980. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore (1988).


Brumbaugh, Gaius Marcus, M.S.,M.D.,Litt.D.. Maryland Records. Genealogical Publishing Co., Baltimore (1967). Two Volumes.


Burke, John. A Genealogical and Heraldic History of The Commoners of Great Britain and Ireland. Genealogical Publishing Company, Baltimore (Reprinting - 1977). Volume 3. Original printing in London, 1834-1838.

Burke-Gardiner Bible.  As of Sept 2005 the Bible is in the possession of Kelly Keeley Flynn, a descendant of Eliza Ann Gardiner Burke.   She lives at 8810 Fenchurch Rd., Dallas Texas 75238. Her e-mail is: keeley 07@yahoocom.  Photocopies of family pages 1 through 4 were provided to me by Ellen P. Croll*.


Butler, Stuart Lee. Virginia Soldiers in the U.S. Army, 1800-1815. Iberian Publishing Co., Inc, Athens, GA (1986).


Calhoun, Stephen D. The Marylanders: Without A Shelter Or Crumb. Heritage Books, Inc., Bowie, MD (1993).


Calendar of Maryland State Papers. The original volumes had been combined into larger volumes. These volumes were copied into modern print in volumes identically labeled, with identification of original volume & liber, as well as liber in combined volume. Page numbers on the title line are those in the modern volumes; original text references are included in the text, in the order of [original volume, original folio, folio in combined volume]. Referenced modern volumes were published as below:

            Red Book Series:

                  Number 4, Part 2 - Hall of Records Commission No. 8

                  Number 4, Part 3 - Hall of Records Commission No. 10

            Blue Book:

                  Number 5 (Executive Miscellanea) - Commission No. 11

            Black Book:

                  Number 1 - Hall of Records Commission # 1


Callum, Agnes Kane. Colored Volunteers of Maryland - Civil War - 7th Regt. - U. S. Colored Troops. Copy of cover sheet & pages 3 & 4 found at Maryland State Archives (File # SC 1138-1938. Location 2/11/11/32)

Carden, Thor.  Published an extensive family tree at (URL no longer works, as of 28 June 2017). Mailing address is PO Box 2093, Madison, TN 37116.

Carothers, B.S. Shenandoah Valley Pioneers & Their Descendents. A History of Frederick County, Virginia. Chesapeake Book Company, Berryville, VA (1963).


Chappelear, George Warren. Families of Virginia. Vol.II. The Shenandoah Press, Dayton, VA (1932).

Cheryl.  Published Souls Of The Past on Ancestry World Tree (, last updated Feb 2005.  Her email addresses are and  In a personal communication she indicated that much of the Higgs information came from Bridges*, with some from Goodspeed*.

Clark, Chris.  Published from Goodspeed*.

Clark, Chris.  Published Clark-Brady Family Tree on*  (Ancestry World Tree).  Email address is

Clark(2), James Dennis.  A descendant of Leonard Clarke and Mary Sothoron of St. Mary's Co., MD, he lives in South Carolina, and has provided a great deal of information on his current-day relatives.  His email address is

Clark, James V.  Participant in Genforum for St. Mary's Co., MD on*, relative to Higgs & Clark families. His email address is

Clark(1), James V.  The Leonard Clark Family of Smith County, Tennessee.  Published on the Family Tree Maker web page (  NOTE:  URL no longer works as of 26 June 2017.


Clark, Martie June. Loyalists in the Southern Campaign of the Revolutionary War. Genealogical Publishing Co., Baltimore (1981).


Clarke, Andy. “Wallace.” Posted on Internet at  Email address is  Last updated July 2001.

Colcock, Charles J., C.E. The Family of Hay. A History of the Progenitors and Some South Carolina Descendants of Col. Ann Hawkes Hay With Collateral Genealogies, A.D. 500--1908. Reprinted with later lines added by Mrs. T.D. Bateman. Pelican Publishing Co., New Orleans, 1959.

Coldham(1), Peter W. English Convicts in Colonial America. Vol 2. Polyanthos, New Orleans (1974).


Coldham(2), Peter W. Settlers of Maryland 1679-1783. Consolidated Edition. Genealogical Publishing Co., Baltimore (2002).


(The) Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, P. O. Box 1776, Williamsburg, VA 23187. The Foundation has a colonial-period side table furnished by the family of Kate Lansdale Curtis. Some family history was provided by Kate’s two daughters in the process of authenticating the table; the Foundation furnished that information to me.


Compiled Service Record. Obtained from National Archives & Records Administration, Washington, DC.


Compton's Encyclopedia, 1971 Edition.

Cook, Eleanor Mildred Vaughan.  The Early Sothorons of St. Mary's and Charles Counties, Maryland.  Personally published.

Cook(2), Eleanor Mildred Vaughn.  The Anderson-Brown Family of Montgomery County, Maryland.  Personally published, April 1984.

Cordell, Eugene F. The Medical Annals of Maryland, 1799-1899. Williams & Wilkins Co., Baltimore (1903).

Coughlin, Thomas F.  A descendant of Conrad Schörge & Anna Catherina Ernst.  He as extensively studied the Schörge/Sherier family.  His email address is

Crick, Phyllis J. Vital Statistics of Darke County, Ohio Home. Compiled for the Darke County Historical Society, and held at the Garst Museum, Greenville.

Croll, Ellen P.  Researching her husband Stu's family.


Crozier, William Armstrong, ed. Virginia County Records. Genealogical Publishing Co., Baltimore (1971). Published originally by The Genealogical Association, Hasbrouck Heights, NJ.


DAR Application of Julia Sothoron Buddington. Copy provided to me by Mrs. Buddington.


DAR Report.  Report of the Genealogical Records Committee, District of Columbia, DAR, to the Library of the National Society of the DAR, 1944-45, abstracting Maryland Court Records for families Sothoron, Briscoe, Greenfield & Wilkinson.  Copy held at the District of Columbia Historical Society.


Darke County, Ohio Birth Records, 1867-1908. Compiled by Darke County Historical Society; held at Garst Museum, Greenville.


Darke County, Ohio Directory, 1910. J. M. Minch & Co., Portland, Indiana.


Darke County, Ohio Marriages, 1851-1898. Published by McDowell Publications, Utica, KY for the Darke County Genealogical Society (1986).


Davis, Eliza Timberlake. Frederick County, Virginia Marriages, 1771-1825. Personal Publication (1941).


Davis, Jenny. Information posted on the Sothoron message board at*.

Davis, Wm. H., A.M. The History of Bucks County, Pennsylvania. Chapter on Newspapers in Bucks County. 1876 & 1905 (Posted on* site for Bucks County, contributed by Donna Bluemink).  Also available at*


Dixon, Joan M. National Intelligencer & Washington Advertiser Newspaper Abstracts. Heritage Books, Bowie, MD (series over several years).

Donovan, Jane & Fletcher, Carlton.  William King's Mortality Books.  Two volumes (1795-1832 & 1833-1863).  Heritage Books ((2001 & 2004).


Donovan, Martha Levin Sothoron ("Martie"). Daughter of Levin Johnson Sothoron, Jr. (1903-1951), Martie has provided considerable information for her "side" of the family.  She lives in Nevada & her e-mail address is

Dorman, John F., ed. Virginia Genealogist. Periodical.

Eagen, Colleen. Montgomery County, PA page of*


Egle, William H., ed. Early Pennsylvania Land Records. Genealogical Publishing Co., Baltimore (1976).


Evans, H.R. Old Georgetown on the Potomac. Sold by the Georgetown News, Washington, D.C. (1933).


Families of Darke County, Ohio. Prepared & published by Darke County Genealogical Society, Greenville, OH. Vol. I, 1994; Vol. II, 1996. Web page for genealogical research sponsored by the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.


Farek, Mary.  Author of Tilley genealogy in Ancestry World Tree on*, last updated 25 August 2001.  Her email address is

Farmer, G. Robert, Sr.  "Bob Farmer Sr's Genealogy 7 May 2012.  Published (with sources identified) on at   He is a descendant of Marshall Presley Martin & Annie Sothoron Clagett.

Federal Pension Application - Minor’s Certificate No. 645-395. Applications from relatives of John T. H. Sothoron (a.k.a. John J. H. Sothoron), who served as a Teamster in Company I, 94th Regiment, of the Ohio Volunteer Infantry during the Civil War. Records are held by the National Archives. This particular file contains numerous entries, including supporting documents, which are excerpted into the Chronology.


Federal Pension Application - Soldier’s Certificate No. 654-813. Applications from John C. Sothoron, who served in Company A, 113th Ohio Infantry during the Civil War. Records are held by the national Archives. Components of the file, which includes supporting documents, are excerpted into the Chronology.


Fenwick, Charles E. St. Mary’s County Tax Assessment Records, 1793-1849. St. Mary’s County Historical Society (2004).


Filby, P.W. ed. Philadelphia Naturalization Records. Gale Research Co, Detroit (1982).


Forbes, Rebecca. “Forbes Forum,” posted on* with Updated date of Aug. 25, 2001. Her email address is  No sources indicated on web page.


Foreman, George A. Collected notes from his genealogical research. Held at the Pennsylvania Historical Society Library.


Fresco(1), Margaret K. Marriages and Deaths, St. Mary's County Maryland, 1634-1900. Ridge, Maryland 20680 (1982).


Fresco(2), Margaret K. Doctors of St. Mary’s County, 1634-1900. 38 Wynne Road, Ridge, MD (Privately published) (1992).

Fresco(3), Margaret K.  Marriages and Deaths, St. Mary's County Maryland, 1634-1900. Ridge, Maryland 20680 (1982), Third Edition printed in 2001.


Gardiner-Sothoron Family Bible. Original “Family Register” pages in the possession of Marguerite Marie [McCreight] Engelhardt of Modesto, CA. Her nephew, Richard Douglas McCreight, (, Fayetteville, NC has scanned copies and furnished information therefrom to me.


Gibb, Carson. A Supplement to The Early Settlers of Maryland. Maryland State Archives (1997).


Gill, Richard W. & Johnson, John. Reports of Cases Argued & Determined in the Court of Appeals of Maryland. Wm. & Joseph Neal Publishers, Baltimore (1832).


Gilliams, Howard S. Provided me a flow chart of Gilliams genealogy, dated 4/27/1982, prepared by his aunt Francis Brand Gilliams MacMillan in 1972.


Gilliams Papers. Notes by John Jacob Gilliams, son of Jacob Gilliams & Ann Sothoron Gilliams. The notes were typed and edited by Francis B. Gilliams in the latter years of his life. The papers were provided to me by Howard Sothoron Gilliams, 11602 Bunnell Court, South, Potomac, MD 20854.


Goodspeed.  History of Barry County, Missouri.  Volume 1, "Back to Barry."  (1888) (cited by Cheryl*)

Gott(1), John K. Fauquier County, Virginia Marriage Bonds, 1759-1854; and Marriage Returns, 1785-1848. Heritage Books, Inc., Bowie, MD (1989).

Gough, Robert L.  Descendant of Richard Gough & Ann Lee Sothoron.  Has extensively researched the Gough & related families.  His email address is  All referenced material was provided by him directly to me (WHS*).

Grace, Hope. Balances and Final Distributions. JJ & JF (1782-1816) & JF1 (1816-1829). St. Mary’s County Historical Society (undated).


Grave Marker. Markers so noted were seen by WHS* unless otherwise cited.  See Cemeteries for a full list and additional information.

Grumbling, Jean.  "My Coyler Family," posted on Ancestry World Tree at*.

Hackett, Joan D. & Good, Rebecca H.  Frederick County, Virginia Marriage Bonds, 1772-1850.  Heritage Books, Inc., Bowie, MD (1992).

Hall, Clayton Colman, ed. Baltimore, It’s History And Its People, Vol 1. Lewis Historical Publishing Co, New York (1912).

Harrington, Ruth Haddox. Haddox-Skelton Heritage.  Privately published.  7824 Flourtown Ave., Wyndmoor, PA 19038 (2005).

Harvey, Margaret B., A.M. The Incompleted Burial Records of Merion (PA) Meeting Grave-yard. Posted on the Montgomery County, PA page of


Hammett, Regina Combs. History of St. Mary's County, Maryland. General Delivery, Ridge, Maryland 20680. Library of Congress Catalog Card Number 77- 85-222 (1977).


Hammett(2), Regina Combs & Lay, Charles David. Death Notices (1900-1930) From St. Mary’s Beacon. St. Mary’s County Historical Society (2003).


Hayden, Horace Edwin, Rev. Virginia Genealogies. Genealogical Publishing Company, Baltimore (1966).  Originally published 1891.

Hayes, Rutherford B., Presidential Center.  Obituary index with additional details at


Hayward File. Clippings and notations from Baltimore newspapers and other sources. Maintained at the Maryland Historical Society, Baltimore.


Heads of Families at the First Census of the United States Taken in the Year 1790 - Maryland. Genealogical Publishing Co., Baltimore (1965).

Hersey, S.  Business Directory and Gazetteer of Bucks County, Pennsylvania.  Compiled & published by S. Hersey, Wilmington, DE.

Hiatt, Marty & Scott, Craig R. Loudon County, Virginia Tithables, 1758-1786. (3 volumes) Iberian Publishing Co., Athens, GA (1995). (Tithes were collected & compiled prior to 10 June each year, to support the Anglican parish vestry in Virginia. It included all white men who were 16 years old prior to 10 June; free women not included, but slave women were. Some reporting occurred across loosely identified boundaries.)


Higgs, Barbara Bassford. Death Index of St. Mary’s, Charles & Calvert Counties, Maryland - 1898 through 1923. St. Mary’s County Historical Society (1997).


History of Madison County, Ohio. Published for Madison County Historical Society, London,OH by W. H. Beers & Co., Chicago (1883).


History of Virginia. The American Historical Society, Chicago & New York (1924). Volume 6 has a full biography of the Davis family of FAU, and notes marriage and history of Golder & Edwina (Haddox) Davis.


Hollowak(1), Thomas L. Index to Marriages & Deaths in the (Baltimore) Sun, 1837-1850. Genealogical Publishing Co., Baltimore (1978)


Hollowak(2), Thomas L. Index to Marriages in the (Baltimore) Sun, 1851-1860. Genealogical Publishing Co., Baltimore (1978).


Hollowak(3), Thomas, ed. Maryland Genealogies. Two Volumes. Genealogical Publishing Co., Baltimore (1980).


Hopkin, G.M., C.E. Surveys and Plats of Washington, D.C.. 320 Walnut St., Philadelphia (1887). At Martin Luther King branch of D.C. Public Library


Hotten, John Camden. The Original Lists of Persons of Quality. Genealogical Publishing Co., Baltimore (1978).


Hume, Joan, ed. Index to the Wills of Maryland - St. Mary's County, 1662- 1960. Magna Carta Book Co, Baltimore 21215 (1970).

Humphrey, Melissa. Descendant of Michael Sothoron of Kentucky who has provided information both directly and through her published work on* as "Hum Mor Relations."


Jackson(1), R.V., ed. Maryland Census Index. Accelerated Indexing Systems, Inc. (1976).


Jackson(2), R.V., ed. First Census of the United States, 1790, Virginia. Records of the State Enumerations: 1782 to 1785. Accelerated Indexing Co., 3346 S. Orchard Drive, Bountiful Utah, 84010 (1978).


Jackson(3), R.V., ed. Early American Series - Eary Maryland, Vol. 1, 1700- 1709, 1740-1749. Accelerated Indexing Co. (1980).

Jeffords, Frances Jean Alvey. Descedant of John Alvey & Mary Worthington of St. Mary's Co., MD.  Her information came from the Alvey Family Bible (in her possession) and first-hand knowledge, supplemented by Census records, etc.  Her e-mail address is

Johnson, Cass.  Clarkroots, published in Ancestry World Tree on*, last updated Jan 2005.  Email address is

Johnson, William Raymond.  The Johnson Genealogy-St. Mary's County, Maryland.  Published on* &* (last updated August 2005).  His email address is

Joiner, Paul R.  Publisher of The Joiner Marriage Index, a database of marriages in the north of England.  It is accessible on the internet at

Jones, Thomas, Ph.D.  Professor of Education at Gallaudet University and Genealogist.  Personal Communication.

Jones(1), Thomas W., PhD.  Howerton to Overton:  Documenting a Name Change.  National Genealogical Society Quarterly, p. 169, Sept., 1990.

Jones(2), Thomas W., Ph.D.  Uncovering Ancestors by Deduction:  The Husbands and Parents of Eleanor (née Medley) (Tureman) (Crow) Overton.  National Genealogical Society Quarterly, pp. 287-304, Dec. 2006 (Vol. 94, No. 4)

Jones(3), W. Mac. The Doughas Register. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., Baltimore, MD (1977). Originally published in 1928.

Jourdan(1), Elise Greenup. Abstracts of Charles County, Maryland Court & Land Records, 1658-1666. Family Line Publishing, Westminster, MD. Three volumes: Vol. I (1993), Vol. II (1993), Vol III (1994).


Jourdan(2), Elise Greenup. Early Families of Southern Maryland. Volume 1, Revised. Family Line Publishing, Inc., Westminster, MD (1993).


Jourdan(3), Elise Greenup. Colonial Records of Southern Maryland. Family Line Publishers, Westminster, MD (1997).


Jourdan(4), Elise Greenup. The Land Records of Prince George’s County, Maryland, 1737-1739. Family Line Publishers, Westminster, MD (1996).


Kilty, William. The Laws of Maryland, Vol. 2. Frederick Green, Printer, Annapolis (1800).


Knight. Collected genealogical notes, held in the Library of the Pennsylvania Historical Society, code FC/Ba. Consists of multiple small pieces of paper, each with one or two items included, along with the reference. References are given here in brackets [xxx].


Knott, Harry C. St. Mary’s County Coroners Inquest, 1821-1921. Privately Published, St. Leonard, MD (1993)

"Krauss Family Links", published on  The Home Page is at Provides extensive information on the Summerhill family.  The author's email address is

Larner, John B., ed. Records of The Columbia Historical Society, Washington, DC. Published annually by the Society.


Lawler, James H. L. Compton Family data base on Email as of July 2003 was


Lewis, D. L. District of Columbia, a Bicentennial History. W.W. Norton & Company, Inc, New York (1976).


Long, Charles David. Obituaries, Memorials & Death Notices (1883-1902) & (1912-1930) from the St. Mary’s Enterprise. Printing Press, Inc, Leonardtown, MD (1998).

Lowther, Minnie Kendall.  History of Ritchie County, West Virginia.  Wheeling News Litho. Co., Wheeling, WV (1911).


Lynn, John B. & Egle, Wm. H., M.D. Pennsylvania Archives, Vol. VIII. Clarence H. Busch, Printer, Harrisburg (1896).


Mackenzie, George Norbury. Colonial Families of the United States of America. Genealogical Publishing Co., Baltimore, MD (1966)


Maher, Winifield Ruth Johnson.  Personal communications.  "Winnie" is a daughter of Winifield Gilbert Johnson & Hannah Adelle Sothoron.

Mallick, Sallie A., ed. Sketches of Citizens of Baltimore City and Baltimore County. Taken from “Genealogy and Biography of the Leading Families of the City of Baltimore and Baltimore County, Md.”, published in 1897. Baltimore County Historical Society.

Mansfield, James Roger. A History of Early Spotsylvania. Green Publishers, Inc., Orange, VA (1977). Library of Congress No. 77-87193. Seen at Spotsylvania County Museum, 8/22/1922.


Manuel, Janet Thompson. Marriage Licenses, Montgomery County, Maryland, 1798-1898. Family Line Publishing, Bowie, MD (1987).


Marine, William M., The British Invasion of Maryland, 1812-1815. The Society of the War of 1812 in Maryland, Baltimore (1913).


Maryland Men in the World War, 1917-1919; Military and Naval Service Records. Volumes I & II. Twentieth Century Press, Baltimore (1933) (Per*)

Maryland State Archives (MSA).  Repository for old Maryland governmental and other documents of historical significance.  Their web page is


Mason, Lou.  Grandson of Norbert F Hodges, who was the youngest son of Thomas Ramsey Hodges III.  Personal communications relating to his extensive research of the Hodges family.

Maynard, Mary Elizabeth. Application for Membership, Daughters of the American Colonists, dated Oct. 31, 1964. Provided to WHS* by Julia Sothoron Buddington.

McGill, Ellen. Descendant of Ellen Maria Clopper Wade, who was a daughter of William Douglas Clopper & Mary Sophia Key.  Her e-mail address is


McSherry, James. History of Maryland. The Baltimore Book Company, Baltimore (1904).


Mercer County Bicentennial Commission. Mercer County, Pennsylvania Pictoral History. The Donning Co. Publishers, Virginia Beach, VA (2001).


Metcalf, F. J. & Martin, G. H. Marriages and Deaths, 1800-1820, from the National Intelligencer, Washington, DC. National Genealogical Society, Washington, DC (1968).


Miller, E. Irene. History of Miami County, Ohio. For the Miami County Historical Society, Taylor Publishing Co., Dallas (1982).


Murray, Nicholas Russell. Virginia Computer Indexed Marriage Records - 1765-1915, Culpepper County. Hunting for Bears, Inc., Hammond, LA 70404 (1980). F255.M97.

Myrick, Margaret K.  John H. Norman - Julia Bowie Tisdale Pedigree, published in Ancestry World Tree on*.  Last updated 24 Sept 2002; her email address is  Gives sources.


National Cyclopaedia of American Biography, Volume 7. James T. White & Co. (1897).


NEHGR (New England Historical and Genealogical Register). Boston (1884).


Nelson(1), Richard T., Jr. St. Mary’s County, Maryland Marriage Records (1897-1915), From Marriage Liber EBA#1. St. Mary’s County Historical Society (2001)


Nelson(2), Richard T., Jr. St. Mary’s County, Maryland Marriage Records, 1915-1940, From Marriage Liber EBA#2. St. Mary’s County Historical Society (2001).


Newman(1), Harry Wright. Charles County Gentry. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, Baltimore (1971).

Newman(2), Harry Wright.  The Smoots of Maryland and Virginia.  J. P. Bell Co., Lynchburg, VA (1936).

Newman(3), Harry Wright.  The Maryland Dents.  The Dietz Press, Inc., Richmond, VA (1963).


Newman Papers. Collection of notes from the estate of Harry Wright Newman, maintained at Charles County Community College Library. Portions pertaining to St. Mary's County are at the St. Mary's County Historical Society.


Nidiffer Collection. Collection of legal papers, mostly land deeds, for Georgetown & Washington Counties during the 1800s. Maintained in the Special Collections section of the Lauinger Library, Georgetown University, Washington, DC.


Nielsen, Iris A. (West Jordan, Utah). Genealogical Records of the Sotheron, Crosby, Brigham, Busby and Nickerson Families. Privately Published (1956). Library of Congress code CS71.C95.


Ohio Family Historians. Index to 1810 Census of Pennsylvania. Micro Photo Division of Bell & Howell Co, Cleveland (1966).


Omohundro, Malvern H. The Omohundro Genealogical Record. McClure Printing Company, Staunton, VA (1950-1).


O’Neill, Francis P. Index of Obituaries & Marriages in the (Baltimore) Sun, 1871-1875. Family Line Publications, Westminster, MD (1995).


Papenfuse, Edward C. et al. A Biographical Dictionary of the Maryland Legislature, 1635-1789. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore (Volume 1, 1979; Volume 2, 1985).


Parran, Alice Norris. Register of Maryland’s Heraldic Families. Series I, H. G. Roebuck & Co., Baltimore 1935). Series II privately published (1938).


Peden(1), Henry C., Jr. Marylanders to Kentucky, 1775-1825. Family Line Publications, Westminster, MD (1991).


Peden(2), Henry C., Jr. Revolutionary Patriots of Calvert & St. Mary’s Counties, Maryland, 1775-1783. Family Line Publications, Westminster, MD (1996).


Peden(3), Henry C., Jr. More Marylanders to Kentucky, 1778-1828. Family Line Publications, Westminster, MD (1998).


Perry, Robert E. Bradford Through The Years. Privately published, held at the Garst Museum, Greenville, OH.


Pippenger(1), Wesley E. District of Columbia Marriage License Register 1, 1811-1858. Family Line Publications, Westminster, MD (1994).


Pippenger(2), Wesley E. District of Columbia Marriage License Register 2, 1858-1870. Willow Bend Books, Lovettsville, VA (1996).


Pippenger(3), Wesley E. Alexandria (Arlington) County, Virginia Death Records, 1853-1896. Family Line Publications, Westminster, MD (1994).


Pippenger(4), Wesley E. Alexandria, Virginia Marriages, 1870-1892. Family Line Publications, Westminster, MD (1994).


Pippenger(5), Wesley E. Alexandria County (Arlington), Virginia Marriage Records, 1853-1895. Family Line Publications, Westminster, MD (1994).


Pippenger(6), Wesley E. Alexandria, Virginia Death Records, 1863-1868 & 1869-1896. Family Line Publications, Westminster, MD (1995).


Pippenger(7), Wesley E. Legislative Petitions of the Town and County of Alexandria, Virginia, 1778-1861. Family Line Publications, Westminster, MD (1995).


Pippenger(8), Wesley E. District of Columbia Probate Records, Will Book 1 (1801-1852) and Estate Files (1801-1852). Family Line Publications, Westminster, MD (1996).


Pippenger(9), Wesley E. District of Columbia Ancestors. Family Line Publications, Westminster, MD (1997).


Pippenger(10), Wesley E. District of Columbia Death Records, 1874-1879. Willow Bend Books, Westminster, MD (1997).


Pippenger(11), Wesley E. & Provine, Dorothy. District of Columbia Marriage Records, June 28, 1877-October 19, 1885. Privately published (1997).


Pippenger(12), Wesley E. District of Columbia Guardianship Index, 1802-1928. Willow Bend Books, Westminster, MD (1998).


Pippenger(13), Wesley E. The Georgetown Courier. Marriage and Death Notices, November 18, 1865 - May 6, 1876. Willow Bend Books, Westminster, MD (1998).


Pippenger(14), Wesley E. Alexandria, Virginia Hustings Court Orders, Vol. 1, March 9, 1780 to July 21, 1787. Willow Bend Books, Westminster, MD (1999).


Pippenger(15), Wesley E. Alexandria, Virginia Marriage Index, January 10, 1893 - August 31, 1905. Willow Bend Books & Family Line Publications, Westminster, MD (1999).


Pippenger(16), Wesley E. Daily National Intelligencer Marriage and Death Notices, January 1, 1851 to December 30, 1854. Willow Bend Books, Westminster, MD (1999).


Pippenger(17), Wesley E. Alexandria, Virginia 1808 Census, Wards One thru Four. Willow Bend Books, Westminster, MD (2000)..


Pippenger(18), Wesley E. Virginia Divorces and Name Changes. (2000)


Pippenger(19), Wesley E. Alexandria City and Arlington County, Virginia Records Index, Vol. 1. Willow Bend Books, Westminster, MD (2001).


Pippenger(20), Wesley E. District of Columbia Marriage Record Index, October 20, 1885 to January 20, 1892. Willow Bend Books, Westminster, MD (2003).


Pippenger(21), Wesley E. Daily National Intelligencer Index to Deaths, 1855-1870. (2004)


Pippenger(22), Wesley E. Georgetown Marriage and Death Notices, 1801-1838. (2004)


Pippenger(23), Wesley E. Tombstone Inscriptions of Alexandria, Virginia. Family Line Publications, Westminster, MD (Volume 4) (1993).


Piscataway Parish & St. John’s Parish, now King George Parish, Prince George’s County, MD. Parish Register 1689-1801.


Pogue, Robert E. T. Yesterday in Old St. Mary’s County. Privately printed by Robert E. T. Pogue, Bushwood, MD.


Poulson's Index. Notices of Marriages and Deaths in Poulson's American Daily Advertiser. In several volumes, giving pertinent information contained in the original notices, as well as identifying the date published. In the library of The Historical Society of Pennsylvania, in Philadelphia. The original newspapers are on microcard and are extremely difficult to read.

Princeton Theological Seminary, Necrological Reports and Annual Proceedings.  Vol. II, 1890-1899. C.S. Robinson & Co., University Printers (1899).  Full text found at


Proctor, John Claggett, ed. Washington, Past and Present. A History. Lewis Historical Publishing Co., Inc., New York (1930). pp 750-1


Provine(1), Dorothy S. Index to District of Columbia Wills, 1801-1920. Genealogical Publishing Co., Baltimore, MD (1992).


Provine(2), Dorothy S. District of Columbia Marriage Records, 1870-1877. Willow Bend Books, Lovettsville, VA (1997).


Ranzetta, Kirk E. St. Mary’s County Registry of Wills, Orphans Court - Annual Valuations & Assessments: 1780-1841. Privately published, undated; copy at St. Mary’s County Historical Society.


Regan, Nancy D.  Published "Diener and Dorweis Ancestors and Relatives" on Ancestry World Tree at*.  She also provided me with source documents, identified as such in the citations.  Her email address is

Reichel, William C. & Bigler, Wm. H.  A History of the Moravian Seminary for Young Ladies, at Bethlehem, PA.  Published by the Seminary in 1901 (Fourth Edition).

Reinders, Gerry. Index of Cemeteries, Lunenburg County, VA. On the Lunenburg County page of Additional information through personal contact via on 1/22/2003.


Reno, Linda Davis. Genealogist in St. Mary’s County, MD (37950 Mohawk Drive, Charlotte Hall, MD, 20622). Personal communications.


Reno(2), Linda Davis. St. Mary’s County, Maryland Wills, 1776-1791 (HH#1 and JJ#1). St. Mary’s County Historical Society (Undated).


Reno(3), Linda Davis. St. Mary’s County, Maryland Wills, 1803-1820 (JJ#3). St. Mary’s County Historical Society (2001).


Reno(4), Linda Davis. St. Mary’s County, Maryland Wills, 1821-1825. Privately Published (May 2004).


Ridgely, Helen W. Historic Graves of Maryland and the District of Columbia. Genealogical Publishing Co, Baltimore (1967). Originally printed by the Grafton Press, New York (1908).


Roddick, Eva.  Published her work on* as "Adams" genealogy.  Her e-mail address is


Ruddick, Audrey. Posted on Bucks County, PA page of


Russell, O. E. Union Township, Madison County, Ohio. Oak Hill Cemetery. Index File of Lot Owners & Burials (3 Volumes). Compiled from Trustees Records for the Madison County Genealogical Society (Jan. 15, 1992). Held at London Public Library, First Street at Union, London, OH.


Russell, R. J. Geeting/Henderson Families. Posted on*; last updated 20 March 2004. Email address is


Ruth, Terry. Posted on Bucks County, PA page of*.

Sidener, Rev. Orrin Wade.. The story of a dozen generations. Privately published, Tulare, Calif, 1961. Accessed through*.


SSDI.  Social Security Death Index, as posted on*.

St. Mary’s County Court Records, 1807-1841 (Vol. JH). St. Mary’s County Historical Society (2003).


Saint Peter’s Church & Parish, Poolesville, MD. Register 1799-1919; minutes 1799-1966. In MSA Collection SC 4549, Film # M1432.

Scarola, Mary.  Published file "maryt" to*, and also available in Ancestry World Tree of*.  She cites a privately published document, "Desc. of Charles Hall II," by Wilson M. Hall, as her source for the Key family information I've included herein.  Her email address is


Scharf(1), J. Thomas. History of Maryland. Three Volumes. Tradition Press, Hatboro, PA (1967; originally published in 1879).


Scharf(2), J. Thomas. History of Delaware, 1609-1888. L. J. Richards & Co., Philadelphia (1888). 2 Vols.


Schwenk-Hammond, Thera. Posted on Montgomery County, PA page of*.


Seeley, Robert E. Descendents of William Thomas (1678-1757) Bucks, Delaware & Chester Counties, PA. Posted on* site for Bucks County.


Shilt, Rose. Arcanum Times Abstracts. Held at Garst Museum, Greenville, OH.


Short, Anita et al. Cemetery Inscriptions, Darke County, Ohio (Vol. IV - Greenville Cemetery) (1966). Held at the Garst Museum, 205 North Broadway, Greenville, OH.

Sidener, Rev. Orrin Wade.. The story of a dozen generations. Privately published, Tulare, Calif, 1961. Accessed through*.

Skordas, Gust. The Early Settlers of Maryland. Genealogical Publishing Co., Baltimore (1968).

Sluby, Paul E. & Wormley, Stanton L.  Presbyterian Cemetery Records (Georgetown) Washington, DC, 1856-1897.  Columbian Historical Society (Privately Published) (1990).


Sly, John J. “Early Sly’s (1600-1850) North America.” Posted on the Internet at Email address is  Last updated May 2003.


Smith, Scottie Fitzgerald. “The Colonial Ancestors of Francis Scott Key Fitzgerald.” Maryland Historical Magazine, Vol. 76, No. 4, pp. 363-375 (December 1981).


Smith, William L. Richard Brightwell Family in Maryland,1640s to 1740s. Maryland Genealogical Society Bulletin, Baltimore, MD. 44:2:218 (Spring 2003).


Smith, Peggy Eutemark. Email sent by her to, dated 6 November 2001. Her email address is

Smith, Sue Patterson Miller.  Descendant of John, purported brother of Ann Reddifer/Redheiffer, she is the historian at  Her email address is

Smoot, Lloyd Duval.  Descendant of Charles Smoot & Harriet Sothoron, and grandfather of Andy Bass*.  He lived from 1900 to 1986.  He compiled a Smoot family chart, a copy of which was provided to me by Bass*.


Sneirson, Jennifer. “Ancestors/Relatives of Jennifer Sneirson.” Posted on Internet at Email address  Last updated Nov. 2001.


Soldiers of the War of 1812; Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Kentucky. Adjutant General’s Office (1891). (Entries viewed on-line via*)


Sotheran, Charles. Genealogical Memoranda Relating to The Family of Sotheron. Privately published by Taylor & Co., Printers, London (1871).

Stein, Charles Francis. A History of Calvert County, Maryland. Published by the author in cooperation with the Calvert County Historical Society (1960).


Stokes, Jim. Contribution to Montgomery County, PA web page of*.

Sullivan, Pat. Extensive researcher of his Spotsylvania County, VA ancestors, Pat authors an in-depth blog entitled "Spotsylvania Memory."  His first posting is at

Summerhill, Bryan.  Descendant of Zachariah Higgs, who was the husband of Elizabeth Clarke (daughter of Leonard Clarke & Mary Sothoron).  His email address (as of July 2012) is


Sutton Family Bible. Records held by the Darke County (OH) Genealogical Society, Garst Museum, Greenville OH.


Sween Library. Operated by the Montgomery County Historical Society. Located at 42 West Middle Lane, Rockville, MD.

Terhune, Sue.  Published "Johns-Willhite and Related Families" on* World Tree.

Thomason, Robert Stewart.  A Brief History of The Family Thomason in England and The United States.  The Scribner Press, New York (1945).

Thorndale, William & Dollarhide, William. Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790-1920. Genealogical Publishing Co., Baltimore (1987).


Tice, Janet, et al. Burials from Tombstones, Grave Markers, and Church Registers of St. Mary’s County, Maryland (1634-1994). St. Mary’s County Historical Society, Leonardtown, MD (1996)


Torrence, Clayton. Virginia Wills and Administrations, 1632-1800, an Index. Genealogical Publishing Company, Baltimore (1977).

Tyler, Dola S. Marriage Book #1, 1853-1931, City of Winchester, VA Marriage Licenses. Heritage Books, Inc., Bowie, MD (1988).

Tyler, Dola S. Register of Births, 1865-1891, City of Winchester, VA. Heritage Books, Inc., Bowie, MD (1990)

Updike, Ethel Speer & Mentzel, Laura W. Tate Family of Washington and Russell County, Virginia. Independent Enterprise, 28 South Eighth St, Payette, ID, 83661 (1984).  Free web site with pages for each county in the nation.  Lots of data bases, local look-ups.

Virginia County Records. Quarterly magazine, bound & available at Maryland Historical Society.

Virkus, Frederick A., ed. The Compendium of American Genealogy. The Institute of American Genealogy, Chicago (1933).

Vogt(1), John; & Kethley, T. William, Jr. Virginia Historic Marriage Register. Frederick County Marriages, 1738-1850. Iberian Publishing Company, Athens, GA (1984).

Vogt(2), John & Kethley, T. William, Jr.  Rappahannock County, Virginia Marriages, 1833-1850.  Iberian Press, Athens, GA (1984).

Vogt(3), John & Kethley, T. William, Jr.  Culpeper County, Virginia Marriages, 1780-1853.  Iberian Publishing Co., Athens, GA (1986).

Waite, Frances Wise, ed. Bucks County Intelligencer & General Advertiser - Marriage Notices. Bucks County Genealogical Society, Doylestown, PA (1986). Two volumes: I (1804-1834) and II (1835-1860).

Walker-Sherier Bible.  Copy of entry pages provided by Ellen Walker-Kurz, at  The original source is unknown.

Ward, Amy.  Our Family Tree, published on Ancestry World Tree at*.

Washington Directory - Earlier directories found at D.C. Historical Society & at Martin Luther King Branch of D.C. Public Library. Some years no longer available. Searched from 1914 back.


Names of Georgetown streets changed by 1895 (Lewis*), as follows (Hopkin*):

Water K Congress 31
Bridge M High 32, Wise Ave.
Prospect Prospect Potomac Potomac
First, Gay N Market 33
Second, Beall O Frederick 34
Third, West P Fayette 35
Fourth, Stoddard Q Lingan 36
Fifth R Warren 37
Sixth S    
Seventh T    
Eighth U    
  NOTE:  Old series house numbers were from west to east (odd on south side) and from south to north.

Williams, Richard T. & Mildred C.  Index of Wills and Estate Settlements, Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, 1784-1850.  Privately published, Danboro, PA (1972)

Williams, T.J.C. and McKinsey, Folger.  History of Frederick County, Maryland.  Genealogical Publishing Co., Baltimore (1967).

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W. Haddox Sothoron, M.D.